Visit to Organic Farm in India (3)

Plague of Small-scale Farmers

As main food producer, farmers usually didn’t get the respect accordance to the important of foods toward human life. ask about impression of farmers, probably we will get the answer of farmers is poor, less knowledgeable, crude etc, all the negatives thing will come out. The pity of farmers is an continuously tragedy, both organic and especially non-organic farmers, both don’t have the bargain power of selection of plant types, selling price, input materials price etc, all was controlled by the market, Here is some common problem faced by the small-scale farmers.

Manual Weeding

1. Lack of support from government to small scale farmers

The insufficient support of government in term of technique, machinery and financial. Although government have their own bodies or private bodies that do research regarding agriculture and have a lots machinery, but the resource seem hard to reach in the hand of small farmer. A lots of farmer bare a high debt because they get the loan from private financial company and couldn’t pay it back.


2. Land title problem

Land is always an issues for farmers, ridiculous to say those who own the land don’s want to be a farmer and those who want to be a farmer usually not own the land. So, farmers just rent the land with the risk of the land will be taken back by landlord any time.  Following the development in the urban area, the price of land hike up and farmers no longer able to farm in the land and being marginalize in this huge wave of development. Fragmentation of  land also cause small farmers not able to use machinery because it not worth it.

3. Lack of systematic marketing network

I saw from Mr. Gopala farm, he just sell his product in a conventional market price although his product was organically grow. Small scale farms usually manage by a person, some with help from 1 or 2 family members, so the farmers usually have to do the farm works, administrative, finance, marketing at the same time. If there is a network that can help farmers to market their products in a fair price, then farmers will be able to concentrate more on the production and quality of the products.

4. Replacement of traditional and healthy farming practice by modern farming technique, farmers lost the bargain power

The so-called “Green Revolution” started in 1960, that promises better yield and better livelihood bring in more chemical to agriculture field. Until now, genetic modified technology is taking place to a higher state of farming technology that claim by chemical company is a solution for the world hungry. In fact, we started to see effect by excessive use of chemical, causing acidic compacted deadly soils, low salinity,river etc that give a huge impact to our live and environment. Farmers first feel the effect by the usage of chemical as the soil no longer suitable to support plants life, and the consumer also in the latter stage seen the rising case of disaster like cancer. This revolution also bring in the shift of food control and food distribution models, where the big company hold the biggest power to decide what to plant, how to plant, what to eat, where to eat, what the prices and so on.

5. Rise of production cost

Conventional farming is a series of technique require chemical to support life of plants, started from buying the treated seeds, follow with specific pesticides, herbicides,  fungicide, chemical fertilizers to support the life of the plants. However, cost of chemical is keep rising but farmers usually have no bargain power to get a better selling price. Eventually, farmers bare more debt and they live poor than ever before.

8. Climate change that give effect on the vegetation

Farmers saw a change in climate clear than any others people,  unusual and extensive drought in hot season, overflow of water in raining season, low water tablet, low salinity etc phenomena give harmful effect toward their vegetation.

7. Reluctant of conventional farmer to convert to organic

Many farmers although they knew the harmful of conventional farming dare not convert to organic farming, because fear of drop in the yield in the initial period. By the way, good result tend to be shown only after 3 years. No proper assistant, consultation and subsidies from government or related agencies cause no ways for conventional farmers to shift the farming practices .

Low paid labour to produce agriculture sub-product

Visit to India Organic Farm (2)

Annadana Soil & Seed Saver Farm, Bangalore 

Group photo with the trip members, farm director, farmers and others participant in Annadana Soil & seeds Saving Farm, Bangalore

Annadana is a NGO non-funded by government of 12 years since established on 2000. They offers a wide range of organic open pollinated seed of all shapes, tastes and colours to distribute to gardener and farmers.This farm do preservation of heirloom seed,  in the mean to conserving diversity of vegetable food plants to support sustainable natural farming.

Conventional farm use a series of technique introduced by chemical corporate, start from treated seeds, to pesticide, herbicide, fungicide, synthetic fertilizer etc, resulting into acidic and compacted deadly soil and thus cause a lots of livelihood, food security, healthy and environment issues. Untreated seed, require less water, more resilience toward pest and disease.



What we eat daily is determine by seed/chemical/food trading company, only the species that can withstand pesticide/herbacide/fungicide, machines plucking, long shipping, high yield that is fulfill market value will be selected by seed company whereas the others was eliminated. we just have selection of few types of tomatoes in the market but in fact there is more than hundred types of tomotoes in the world.

In this 2 days workshop, we was shown the ways to preserves the heirloom seeds. It is not an easy jobs to do the preservation as a lots a heirloom seeds already given up by the farmers and there is always a treat of cross pollination between hybrid/genetic modified seeds with heirloom seeds. They would have to start with search of heirloom seeds, follow by a lots of research on it, then they have to grow it to keep the next generation. Beside that they have to do the awareness program to the government and public. There is a lots to learn from her ways to organise the organization and also the activities.

There is a wonderful sharing by the Ms. Sangitha, about how she is enlighten to get into this field. It is when she started to ask why she have to eat a lots of chemical and it led her to more and more question to think and to solve. Her passion is all about the healthy soil, diverse untreated seed and dignity of the farmers.

We also learned about ways to make compost, ways to manage the soil fertility, ways to control the pests.


↓Annadana is a NGO that do preservation of heirloom seed, in the mean to conserving diversity of vegetable food plants to support sustainable natural farming. This is one of their project — Adopt a Seed. They went to ground to work with farmers, government agencies, corporate, school etc

















Annadana basically is a NGO do preservation of heirloom seed, in the mean to conserving diversity of vegetable food plants to support sustainable natural farming. Conventional farming is a package of technique start from treated seeds, to pesticide, herbicide, fungicide, synthetic fertilizer etc, resulting into acidic and compacted deadly soil, polluted river by excessive of water-soluble nitrogen, low water table, climate change etc. We pay with our declining health, low food security, haphazard environment and lost of biodiversity to the so-called incredible ‘Green Revolution”.

Members of Selangor Farmers Association, a retired conventional farmer, a conventional farmer before and current organic farmer, and a freelance agriculture writer, both have seen the haphazard cause by chemical, but if we would have to change the mindset of the conventional farmers and consumers, there is a lots effort to go.

Dishes in our plate is getting dull and sense of our tongue is getting insensitive. I was so impressed by the different kind of heirloom tomatoes available here, different colour of tomatoes of red, pink, yellow and orange;different shapes of it, and different tastes of each. It is a wonderful yet weird when you are eating something that is familiar for us which is tomatoes but the tomatoes is very different with what we used to see and eat. We lost the right to choose and we not even know that we are losing a lots of things, our taste, health, environment etc.
I like the pink tomato, alien pink colour tomato, small tiny cute, taste sweet with a little bit of sour come later.

When the soil get the right treatment, the farmers get the dignity, then everything will go in the right path.





Visit to Organic Farm in India Oct 2012 (1)

Last October, it was so fortunate to have a change visit to India organic farm along with some members from Consumer Association of Penang (CAP), members from Selangor Farmers Association and a freelance agricultural writer. Special thanks to YB Law Choo Kiang, Exco of Penang that kindly sponsor half of the expenses for me to make the trip. We do visit several farm in Trichy, Tamil Nadu and Bangalore, Karnakata.

2 days Farm Visit in Trichy, Tamil Nadu

In Trichy, we were hosted by a local farmer, Mr. Gopala Krishnan in a 2 days trip which we have been brought to visit his farm, 2 others organic farm, 1 sugarcane factory and 1 honey bee farm.

In Mr. Gopala Krishnan farm, we saw a practice of crop rotation, mix crop plantation, companion crop, mulching, green manuring etc that commonly will be practised by organic farmers. His main crop for the moment is paddy, and he usually does crop rotation between banana and paddy where the rational is water of paddy field can kill off banana disease. Others crop that he rotate is turmeric, yam, sugarcane etc to cut the circle of pest and disease and also to restore back the nutrient. Though they facing the drought problem frequently, water harvesting for them is very important, we saw he has a big deep well in every fragment of plantation land. Such water harvesting also serve to increase the ground water level.

Here is some suggestion pest control and soil fertility management suggest by Mr. Gopala:

– 3kg sand + small amount of gasoline, mix and spread equally to 1 acre of paddy field

– 2Kg of tamarind crunch then soak in water for some time and spread eventually to field

– Use of vermicompost, which have been added in Azospirilium bacteria and neem cake in the final stage

– Use of Azospirilium bacteria, add in final compost

– Neem cake add in vermicompost

– Plantation of turmeric that contain high level of VAM (Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas), a type of bacteria that good for growth of plant


In another 2 organic farm that practice Biodynamic and Permaculture each, we just able to have a roughly glimpse on it because of time constrain. Inba Seva Sangam community farm is a so-called Biodynamic farm, is a community farming project by NGO and supported by government. They was a community that have their own health care system, market, educational bodies etc, with around 300 acre of land works by 160 families, each have 2 acres of land, that they farm in organic way. Such farming community project also undergoing in another 30 villages. We do visit their 5 acres herb garden and mushroom cultivate farm that still under research.

Biodynamic is a holistic farming method that emphasize on integration between soil, plant, animal and cosmic power as a self-sustaining system. It was first introduced by Dr. Rudolf Steiner in early of 1920’. Biodynamic farmers strive to create a diversified, balanced ecosystem that generates health and fertility as much as possible from the farm itself.

Permaculture is an ecological design system for sustainability in all aspects of human endeavor. It teaches us how build natural homes, grow our own food, restore diminished landscapes and ecosystems, catch rainwater, build communities and much more.

Both ideologies seen the spiritual, ethical and ecological effort to create a self-sustaining farm that thus contributes to sustainable environment, just the ways of doing it was different.



↑Mr. Gopala was explaining the mix crop system he use in the farm. Tumeric and onion is a good companian plants, tumeric contain high level of VAM (Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas), a type of bacteria that good for growth of onion; where onion provide shade and help to control weeds in the initial stage. After 65 days onion being harvested, turmeric already big enough to provided shade for itself until 9 months harvesting period.

Mr. Gopala’s paddy field, he used to rotate the paddy with banana trees, so that water soaked in paddy field would kill off diseases of banana.
For every 8 feet of paddy in a row, he will leaf a feet of path so that sunlight can penetrate in and provide more aeration. He use the solution make from neem cake, tamarind etc as the pest repellent.

Honey bees farm, the owner learned bees keeping technique form a NGO, and he is doing this for 3 years already that help him to upgrade his income and livelihood.

Rain water harvesting well in the farm. Water is a source of life, and they do face drought frequently, so rain water harvest is very important, as a supplies to crops and also to lift up water table.





在馬來西亞華裔對於農業領域有限的認知及華語系情懷的局限下,台灣被認為是農人必去取經之地。這一回,我有幸來到台灣拜訪一些有機農人。我有幸見到的5位農人 — 青松、程大哥、阿江叔、冠宇及水雲兄,不約而同地震撼了我,原來務農可以那麼的精彩。






在宜蘭員山見到的兩位有機農 — 青松和程大哥。左上圖的程大哥一開口就劈裡啪啦地講他有趣的務農經驗,他除了務農,還在社區學校擔任講師。


香蕉用譜Banana usages


Lots of ripe banana, although eating it everyday, still left a lots. Headache with it. 一大堆熟香蕉,已經每天都吃一大堆的蕉了,但還剩很多,怎麼辦?   Image   Ice-cream, Banana and greentea flavour, no sugar, no artificial colouring/flavouring etc, origin taste and more safety to eat. Its expensive than nestle/wall neopolitan ice-cream but cheaper than BR/Hagendaz ice-cream. 冰激淋,香蕉和綠茶口味,無糖、無化學色素/調味料、防腐劑、穩定劑、乳化劑等等,原汁原味又可更安心的吃。

Banana jem香蕉果醬

用不完就剝皮,然後放進冰格冰鎮保存,隨時候用。剝了一整個洗手盆的蕉皮。Take away the skin and then put it in freezerso it can last longer, can be use anytime.

梅式冰品 — 從冰格取出冰鎮香蕉後,直接放入攪拌機,加些牛奶/豆漿攪拌,就是一道超好吃的飯後冰品。My own style dedssert, take the banana from freezer, put in into blender and ass in milk/soya, then come out a delicious dessert.

其他我想到可以做的香蕉製品 — 冰刨、香蕉蛋糕、香蕉麵包、香蕉面膜等等。前幾天甚至想做香蕉肥皂,但因為怕氧化及惹老鼠螞蟻等問題,所以沒做成。各種香蕉製品的做法有機會我再跟大家分享。

Others possible banan products — banana cake, banana bread, banana mask etc. I even thinking of want to do the banana soap, but because worried of oxidized and insect problem, i didnt make it.




機械化企劃化的農業革命後,食物,做為人類生命最密切的來源,卻鮮少得到人類的了解認識;土地,做為食物生產最原生的條件,欲鮮少得到人類的尊重維護。人類的生命漸漸地失去了對食物及土地感覺,這發生於我們對少了那麼一點點的期待、付出及感激。有了更多物質所帶來的享受,我們坐在冷氣房下磚瓦下感受不到天氣的變化,我們不必下田也有一大堆的食物吃;有了農藥、催熟劑、催化劑、防腐劑等,我們能無時無刻的吃著不是當季及當地的食物 ,這些化學物的廣泛應用改變了水果原生的特性,而消耗著地球能源的運輸系統,可以傳送千里外的食物,所以我們不需再愁沒食物吃。於是,生活裡垂手可得的食物變得那麼的理所當然,我們忘了去思考食物背後的生產過程及所消耗的地球能源。


有機蔬菜,承載著千萬年生命的延續 — 這是大地的奧妙,卑微地孕育著千萬種的生命,百花齊放,生生相息。所有生命始於土壤,再加上陽光及水為基本條件,衍生更多的生命。生物的多元,是互相剋制,也是互相幫助,自由的發展終究會達到興盛。有機蔬菜早已洞悉這宇宙的密碼。

有機蔬菜,記載著季節的特性及季節的轉換 — 雨季時期的菜到旱季時期的菜,呈現著不同的面貌。旱季的蔬菜,記載著生長期間的高溫,富含著如陽光般的生命力,所以它們富含纖維及蔬菜的味道;雨天的菜,記載着生長期間所承受的大量雨水,呈現出卑微的千瘡萬孔,只有了解的人才會欣賞他們。欣慰的是,有很多顧客都發現不同季節下所栽種出來的菜的差別,感激你們即使在最艱難的雨季,在收到破破爛爛、穿孔百洞、樣貌不菲、體型瘦小的蔬菜時,仍然選擇默默的支持者我們,還反過來安慰我們說你們明白的。

有機蔬菜,透露著農人的情緒 — 蔬菜與農人情緒是息息相關的。時而累了,疏於照顧;時而開朗,勤於照顧,蔬菜將通過其面貌呈現農人的精神狀態。






葉菜類 — 莧菜(全紅/半青紅/全青)、香港菜心、芥蘭、小白菜、皇京白菜、油麥、番薯葉

瓜類 — 絲瓜、苦瓜

豆類 — 長豆、羊角豆

根莖類 — 蕃薯、白蘿蔔

野菜類 — 野人參菜、落葵(也稱帝皇菜、紅色/綠色)

其他 — 玉米、香料草



















1. RM30/RM50有機蔬果配套(農夫匹配,恕不任選)

a. RM30配有大約8包蔬菜及一份水果(通常為香蕉),如沒水果則以蔬菜取代。適合擁有3-4家庭成員4天食用。

b. RM50配有大約13包菜及一份水果(通常為香蕉),如沒水果則以蔬菜取代。適合蔬菜/蔬果汁喜好者及茹素家庭,可供4-5


2. 任選菜類






1. 選擇配套者只需列明需要份量、地址及電話號碼。

2. 欲選菜者則須于星期六上網查看菜單或通知我,那我會短訊一封菜單給您。


認識你的農夫,認識你的食物 — 我們歡迎你向我們索取更多資料或親臨參觀。欲參觀者請提早預約。


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沒有榴蓮飄香的熱帶水果季節 Tropical Fruits Season Without Durian



今年的榴蓮季節,班台亞齊Pantai Acheh、雙溪檳榔Sg.Pinang、Pondok Upeh屬於歉收區;美湖Gertak Sanggul、公巴Teluk Kumbar、黑橋頂Titi Serong則有比較多的榴蓮;無論如何都不夠供應市場,所以榴蓮饕吃者必定得在今年吃上貴榴蓮。


Recently i receive some calls, sms, email that require for the durian buffet, but sadly to say that this year we cant afford to organise durian buffet as the production is very low. It is very pity to say that just 1% out of 200 durian trees that bare fruits, even Rambutan, Mangosten, Cempedak and Langsat aslo i cant find any of them flowering and fruiting.

This weird season some said is cause by the too much rain pour, while the others said is because the wind blow when flowering period is not enough to dry up the water underneath the soil, but even experienced farmers cant explain exactly the cause . Whatever the said it is, the reason cannot run out of the change of the weather.

This season is not a very happy season for a lots of durian farmers. Pantai Acheh, Sg. Pianag, Pondok Upeh is the area that can consider of extremely low production, while Gertak Sanggul, Teluk Kumbar and Titi Serong is the area that have much more better production.  However, the total production i think still cannot cope with the demand from the market, so consumer might have to buy expensive Durian this year. Also, please beware of the fake Balik Pulau durian and wish you Happy Tropical Fruits Season.









Peoples in farm

In the farm, we have volunteers that help us open Durian, volunteers that help us to do farm chores, farmer that working, visitor that come to taste Durian, children that having their hands-on farming experience etc. Farm is not just a space for plant, animal, but also for the human as all of us part of nature.


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